Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 58-62

Sex determination by discriminant function analysis of palatal rugae from a population of coastal Andhra


1 Postgraduate Student, Department of Prosthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Govind Raj Kumar
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology,Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-1475.92144

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Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate differences in the palatal rugae patterns in males and females of a cross-sectional hospital-based coastal Andhra population and application of discriminant function analysis in sex identification. Materials and Methods: One hundred pre-orthodontic plaster casts, equally distributed between males and females belonging to an age range of 15-30 years, were examined for different rugae patterns. Thomas classification was adopted for analysis. Association between rugae patterns and sexual dimorphism were tested using Unpaired t test, Chi square test and discriminant function analysis developed using SAS package. Results: Difference in unification pattern among males and females was found to be statistically significant. The total number of the rugae was not statistically significant between the sexes. Association between rugae length and shape with sex determination was computed using discriminant analysis which enabled sex differentiation in this population with an accuracy of 78%. Conclusion: Palatal rugae revealed a specific pattern in unification among males and females of the coastal Andhra population. Discriminant function analysis enabled sex determination of individuals. However, these interpretations were precluded by the small sample size and further research work on larger samples and use of different classification systems is required to validate its use in forensic science.


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