Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-83

Canine tooth dimorphism: An adjunct for establishing sex identity

1 Department of Orthodontics, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Peoples Dental Academy, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Madhavi Yuwanati
301, Uttam Apartment, Gurudeonagar Nandanvan Road, Nagpur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-1475.109892

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Background: Teeth are an excellent material for genetic, odontological and forensic investigations and research purpose. From all the teeth, the mandibular canines are found to exhibit sexual dimorphism. However, very few studies have been published on maxillary canine's measurements. Aims: 1. To find out utility of maxillary and mandibular canine width as a tool for sex determination in Central Indian population. 2. To find out the average size of canines in males and females of Central Indian population. 3. To compare the findings with National and International studies Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in 100 cases in the age group of 17-21 years. Mesiodistal width of right and left mandibular and maxillary canines were measured on the casts with digital calliper and subjected to statistical analysis. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was done to assess sex difference using Students 't' test (paired). Results and Conclusions: It was seen that a definite statistically significant sexual dimorphism exists when mandibular and maxillary canine measurements were compared. Thus, it can be suggested that canine width measurements can be used as an adjunct for sex identification purpose in Central Indian Population.

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