Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56-59

Adult forensic age estimation using mandibular first molar radiographs: A novel technique


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Periodontics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Fathima Dental Clinic, Kanjirapally, Kerala, India
5 Department of Orthodontics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, Tamil Nadu, India
6 Department of Prosthodontics, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kulasekharam, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepu George Mathew
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Ernakulam Dist, Kerala State - 686 691
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-1475.114552

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Objective: To develop an independent procedure for estimating age for Indian individuals using radiographs of multi-rooted posterior teeth with accuracy needed in forensic age prediction. Materials and Methods: Orthopantomography (OPG) was obtained for 88 subjects. The subjects were divided into two sub sets; study subset (n = 60) which were used to find regression formula to calculate the age from pulp chamber height and test subset (n = 28) which were used to test the accuracy of this formula. Results: There was a statistically significant strong correlation between chronological age and pulp chamber crown root trunk height ratio (r = −0.56; P = 0.000). The regression equation for estimating the age, derived from the study subset was estimated age = −100.920 (PCTHR) +55.415. (PCTHR is the pulp chamber crown root trunk height ratio). This equation was applied on the test subset and there was no significant difference between estimated ages and chronological ages (P = 0.639). The mean absolute error (MAE) was 6.96 years, which was within acceptable error limits for forensic age estimation (<±10 years). Conclusion: The procedure developed to estimate the age using height reduction in pulp chamber was found to be fairly accurate to perform forensic age prediction in Indian individuals.


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