Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111

Applicability of the Ricketts' posteroanterior cephalometry for sex determination using logistic regression analysis in Hispano American Peruvians

1 Department of Oral Radiology and Statistics, Dentofacial Disarmonies Research Center, Lima, Peru
2 Department of Endodontics, Dental School of Dentistry, Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University, Lima, Peru

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ivan Perez
126 Elias Aguirre Street, Office 303, Miraflores, Lima - 18
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-1475.186371

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Background: The Ricketts' posteroanterior (PA) cephalometry seems to be the most widely used and it has not been tested by multivariate statistics for sex determination.Objective: The objective was to determine the applicability of Ricketts' PA cephalometry for sex determination using the logistic regression analysis. Materials and Methods: The logistic models were estimated at distinct age cutoffs (all ages, 11 years, 13 years, and 15 years) in a database from 1,296 Hispano American Peruvians between 5 years and 44 years of age. Results: The logistic models were composed by six cephalometric measurements; the accuracy achieved by resubstitution varied between 60% and 70% and all the variables, with one exception, exhibited a direct relationship with the probability of being classified as male; the nasal width exhibited an indirect relationship. Conclusion: The maxillary and facial widths were present in all models and may represent a sexual dimorphism indicator. The accuracy found was lower than the literature and the Ricketts' PA cephalometry may not be adequate for sex determination. The indirect relationship of the nasal width in models with data from patients of 12 years of age or less may be a trait related to age or a characteristic in the studied population, which could be better studied and confirmed.

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