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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 139-144

Assessment of objective and subjective measures as indicators for facial esthetics

1 Department of Orthodontics, Rama Dental College and Hospital, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthodontics, PMNM Dental College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Triveni Institute of Dental Sciences, Hospital and Research Centre, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SGT Dental College and Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
6 Department of Orthodontics, Mahatama Gandhi Missions Dental College and Hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harsimran Kaur
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad - 244 001, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-1475.195107

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Background: The study mentioned was aimed to examine the contribution of the objective measures representing anterior-posterior (AP) and vertical characteristics, dental esthetics, or their combination that are used in daily orthodontic practice in the assessment of the facial esthetics. Materials and Methods: A panel of 64 laypersons evaluated the facial esthetics of 32 boys and 32 girls, stratified over four different angle classes, on a visual analog scale. The relationship between the objective parameters and facial esthetics was evaluated by the backward multiple regression analysis. Results: Dental esthetics, expressed by the esthetic component of the index of orthodontic treatment need (AC/IOTN), appeared to be the most vital indicator for facial esthetics. The horizontal sum, a variable for AP characteristics of the patient, could be a better variable when compared with the overjet. Conclusion: Addition of this newly defined parameter to the AC/IOTN improved the prognostic value from 25% to 35%.

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