Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109

Mandibular canine: A tool for sex identification in forensic odontology

1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Center for Dental Education and Research-AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 MD in Preventive and Social Medicine, UNICEF - Health Officer of North East Region of India
4 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, SDKS Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
5 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Harvesh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences, Chandigargh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ramniwas M Kumawat
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Center for Dental Education and Research-AIIMS, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfo.jfds_41_16

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Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of mandibular canine index (MCI) and mandibular mesiodistal odontometrics in sex identification in the age group of 17–25 years in central Indian population. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised total 300 individuals (150 males and 150 females) of an age group ranging from 17 to 25 years of central Indian population. The maximum mesiodistal diameter of mandibular canines, the linear distance between the tips of mandibular canines, was measured using digital vernier caliper on the study models. Results: Overall sex could be predicted accurately in 79.66% (81.33% males and 78% females) of the population by MCI. Whereas, considering the mandibular canine width for sex identification, the overall accuracy was 75% for the right mandibular canine and 73% for the left mandibular canine observed. Conclusion: Sexual dimorphism of canine is population specific, and among the Indian population, MCI and mesiodistal dimension of mandibular canine can aid in sex determination.

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