Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112

Pulp/tooth ratio of mandibular first and second molars on panoramic radiographs: An aid for forensic age estimation

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KM Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Palak H Shah
A-21, Vrundavan Township, Opp. Nageshwar Temple, Harni Road, Vadodara- 390 006, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-1475.186374

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Objective: To determine and compare the accuracy of pulp/tooth ratio method in mandibular first and second molar teeth in forensic age estimation. Materials and Methods: A total 300 panoramic radiographs of the Gujarati population (187 males and 113 females) were studied. The measurements of Pulp Chamber Height (PCH) and Crown Root Trunk Height (CRTH) were performed on the mandibular first and second molar teeth. The acquired data was subjected to correlation and regression. Results: The pulp chamber crown root trunk height ratios (PCTHR) of both the first (r = −0.609) and second molars (r = −0.422) were significantly correlated with the age of the individual. Individual regression formulae were derived for both the teeth which were then used separately to calculate the age. The standard errors estimate (SEE) for the first and second molars were 8.84 years and 10.11 years, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between chronological and calculated age by both the teeth (P = 1.000). Conclusion: The mandibular first and second molar is a potential tool for age estimation in forensic dentistry. The pulp/tooth ratio of both the teeth is a useful method for forensic age prediction with reasonable accuracy in the Gujarati population.

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